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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11.韓志宇,「我國新商業銀行授信人員工作壓力之研究」,元智大學管理研究所,碩士論文,民國89年。
  2. 2.Bass B. M., & Avolio, B. J., “Developing Transformational Leadership: 1992 and beyond”, Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 14, pp. 21-27, 1990.
  3. 3.Bass, B. M., “From Transactional to Transformational Leadership: Learning to Share the Vision”, Organizational Dynamics, pp. 19-31, Winter 1990.
  4. 4.Bass, B. M., Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations, New York, Free Press, 1985.
  5. 5.Bass, M. B., & Avolio, J. B., “Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture”, Public Administration Quarterly, Vol. 17, pp. 112-118, Spring 1993.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉文昇(2010)。分駐(派出)所所長領導風格與基層員警工作士氣之研究─以臺東縣警察局為例。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2010。1-113。 
  2. 張哲瑋(2014)。權力基礎與領導效能對工作滿足關係之研究-以陸軍軍、士官為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-123。 
  3. 林俊甫(2013)。派出所所長領導風格、員警組織公民行為與組織效能關係之研究-以雲林縣警察局為例。高雄師範大學人力與知識管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-109。 
  4. 黃世忠(2002)。組織結構、領導風格、員工個人特質、 工作特性與工作滿足關係之研究 -以中山科學研究院電子系統研究所為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-127。
  5. 藍偉峯(2003)。領導風格、組織文化、工作滿足與離職傾向之關係研究 ~以技職院校教師為研究對象。成功大學企業管理學系學位論文。2003。1-126。
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