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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王德芳,「我國高等教育品質保證系統的規劃與設計─引用全面品質管
  2. 3.任忠敏,「影響實施TQM成效與挑戰國家品質獎關鍵因素實證研究」,
  3. 5.李政修,「ISO9000認證制度」,生產力中心第一屆醫療院所經營管理
  4. 14.林公孚,「ISO9000:2000對文件化有何要求」,品質管制月刊,37,
  5. 15.林正明,「品質成本制度實施程度與TQM製造績效之相關性研究」,元
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林保安(2006)。美日品牌大廠對國內代工廠商品質評鑑之研究- 以筆記型電腦廠為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2006。1-54。 
  2. 陳延越(2002)。國內企業推行6-Sigma品質管理系統之研究。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2002。1-0。
  3. 陳言昇(2002)。探討自費健康檢查受檢者忠誠度之相關研究--以平衡計分卡觀點。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2002。1-0。
  4. 黃麗珍(2002)。建構6 Sigma在國內醫院之導入模式。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2002。1-102。
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