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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 周義華,運輸工程,鼎漢國際工程顧問公司,二版,台北市,民國八十二年八月。
  2. 16. 王向葵,「遠距學習之互動性模式研究:以九份地理課程雛形系統開發為例」,私立元智工學院,碩士論文,民國八十六年七月。
  3. 36. Burdea, G.,Coiffet, P.,Virtual Reality Technology,Wiley-Interscience,New York,1994.
  4. 40. Gigante, M. A.,〝Virtual Reality:Definitions,History and Applications〞,In Earnshaw, R. A.,et al. (Ed.),Virtual Reality Systems,pp.3-14,London,Academic Press,1993.
  5. 47. Hyde, R. T.,Shaw, P. N.,Jackson, D. E.,〝The Evaluation of Integrated Courseware:Can Interactive Molecular Modelling Help Students Understand There-Dimensional Chemistry〞,Computers Educ.,Vol. 26,No. 4,pp233~239,1996
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林喬偉(2000)。從中國古典文學賞析來探討多媒體製作的腳本結構─以鏡花緣多媒體為例。元智大學資訊傳播學系學位論文。2000。1-142。
  2. 賴崇閔(2006)。3D虛擬人體結構系統應用於教學之接受度評估。臺中科技大學資訊科技與應用研究所學位論文。2006。1-0。
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