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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 陳志強,「教學新主張─遠距教學系統」,資訊與教育雜誌,54,頁34-39。
  2. 2. Gagn''e, R.M. et al. (1992). Principles of Instructional Design, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
  3. 4. Keegan, D., (1986). The Foundations of Distance Education. London:Croom Helm.
  4. 7. Martin,B.L.(1994).Using Distance Education to Teach Instructional Design to Preservice Teachers. Educational Technology,pp.49-55.
  5. 中文參考書籍
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曹之菁(2014)。以關注本位採用模式探討華語教師進行國際遠距教學之影響因素 ─以某華語中心為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-102。 
  2. 楊龍華(1999)。大專校院實施遠距教學課程現況與發展之研究。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。1999。1-177。
  3. 林家萬(2005)。機械製造之數位學習成效研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2005。1-70。
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