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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [21] “Software automates bills of materials,” Machine Design, 69, pp. 115-119. November 1997.
  2. [24]W.C. Benton, Hojung Shin. “Manufacturing Planning and control: The evolution of MRP and JIT integration,” European Journal of Operational Research , 110, pp. 411-440. 1998.
  3. [25]Cooper, R. and Kaplan,R.S. The design of cost management systems, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1991.
  4. [27]Baxendale, Sidney J. ” Activity-based Costing for the Small Business ”, Business Horizons, 44 ,pp 61-68, February 2001.
  5. [29]James A. Brimson, Activity Accounting, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1991.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李婉萍(2006)。協同設計下設計變更方案之評估模式。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2006。1-149。 
  2. 高瑜雯(2003)。協同設計下設計變更之運作架構與評估模式。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2003。1-159。
  3. 黃志昌(2005)。設計變更對設備成本影響-分析評估模式。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2005。1-162。
  4. 王啟典(2007)。發展多因子整合之型態變更設計模式-以筆記型電腦為例。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-68。
  5. 李佩炤(2007)。設計變更之方案評估與製造分析-以PCB為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2007。1-117。
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