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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 6. Galbraith, J. H.(1992[1983]):劉北成譯,權力的剖析。台北:時報文化。
    2. 10. Jordan, Tim (1999). Cyberpower: The culture and politics of cyberspace and the Internet, pp. 16-17. London and New York: Routledge.
    3. 17. 李承翰,網際網路與社會運動團體及個人增權(empowerment)關係之研究, 2000/7。
    4. 25. Jenn Thompson, "Blogging as an Effective Fundraising Strategy”, OnPhilanthropy, Apr. 8, 2005.
    5. 參 考 文 獻
    Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蕭世暉(2007)。部落格使用者付費購買加值服務 行為之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-113。 
    2. 胡凱焜(2008)。從科技及權力變遷角度再探網絡社會發展-由Web2.0崛起談起。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2008。1-138。 
    3. 劉依婷(2007)。線上表演:部落格作者網絡關係對網路書寫的影響。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2007。1-166。 
    4. 李秀芳(2010)。國小高年級學生使用部落格之網路倫理研究。臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專(暑)學位論文。2010。1-102。 
    5. 盧笛(2015)。自媒體的言論與新聞自由——重塑公共領域。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-182。 
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