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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Sunil Chopra, Peter Meindl, 2001, “Supply Chain Management — Strategy, Planning, and Operation”
  2. [2] Rohit Bhatnagar, Pankaj Chandra, Suresh K. Goyal, 1992, “Models for multi-plant coordination”, European Journal of Operational Research 67, pp.141-160
  3. [3] Hahn, C.K., K.H. Kim, J.S Kim, 1986, “Costs of competition: Implications for purchasing strategy”, Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, pp.2-7
  4. [5] L. M. Ellram, 1991, “A managerial guideline for the development and implementation of purchasing partnerships”, International Journal of Purchasing and Material Management 27, pp.2-8
  5. [8] Hau L. Lee, P. Padmanabham, Seungjin Whang, 1997, “Information distortion in supply chain: The Bullwhip Effect”, Management Science 43, pp.546-558
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淞淳(2006)。多階層存貨系統下最佳補貨週期與訂貨策略之研究。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2006。1-103。 
  2. 潘錦輝(2006)。管道式冷氣機室內主機製造鏈選定之量化研究。大同大學機械工程學系所學位論文。2006。1-75。
  3. 林香琪(2006)。供應鏈資訊分享價值影響因子之探討。臺中科技大學事業經營研究所學位論文。2006。1-95。
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