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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 吳志鴻,「應用電子商務於產品設計協同合作之發展」,國立成功大學,碩士論文,民國91年
  2. [7] 朱蓓儀,「資訊科技對組織扁平化之影響 ─ 探討台灣企業導入Internet之組織變化」,元智大學,碩士論文,民國90年
  3. [21] Glenn Hardaker, Gray Graham,”Energizing your e-Commerce through Self-Organising Collaborative Marketing Networks”,Multimedia for Innovation,Research Papers
  4. [28] O. Klaas,M.S. Shepard,” Embedding Reliable Numerical Analysis Capabilities into an Enterprise Wide Information System”,Engineering With Computers,Abstract Volume 17 Issue 2,pp 151-161,Springer-Verlag London,2001
  5. [29] Maryann P. Feldman,” The Internet Revolution and the Geography of Innovation”,International Social Sciences Journal,Volume 54 Issue 171,UNESCO,p 47
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐世明(2004)。協同設計模式之研究 —以國防工業供應鏈體系為例。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2004。1-85。
  2. 何佩芸(2005)。醫療供應鏈之協同規劃、預測、補貨模式建構研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-167。
  3. 施彣宜(2006)。資訊科技導入對綠色供應鏈之影響-以網路通訊廠商為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2006。1-81。
  4. 謝曜聲(2007)。以網站服務整合同步工程之產品知識管理系統。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-104。
  5. 丁佩偉(2008)。小型專案管理系統設計-以IC設計業客戶設計需求管理為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2008。1-89。
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