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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. David Nachmias著,最新社會科學研究方法,潘明宏、陳志偉譯,台北:韋伯文化國際,2003。
  2. 7. 王舒薇,「台北縣某國中學生網路交友行為及其相關因素之研究」,臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所,碩士論文,2002。
  3. 14. 游康婷,「網路友誼的形成與維繫:電子佈告欄使用者交友行為研究」,臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所,碩士論文,2002。
  4. 1. Anderson, J. C. and J. A. Narus, A model of Distributor Firm and Manufacturer Firm Working Partnerships, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 54, pp. 42-58, 1990.
  5. 2. Blau, P. M. Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: John Wiley and Sons., 1964.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾志恒(2009)。麻將玩家之遊戲資訊處理過程-老手與生手之差異。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-115。 
  2. 江月萍(2010)。早期攝護腺癌病患接受根除性攝護腺切除手術與晚期攝護腺癌病患接受荷爾蒙治療後復發因子之探討。亞洲大學健康產業管理學系健康管理組學位論文。2010。1-59。
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