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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 陳啟光、廖世凱、蔡政和、謝安晉,2008,「流程管理對於推動ISO9000品質系統成效影響之初探-以產品良率為驗証指標」,品質學會Vol.15. No. 1
  2. 3. 陳啟光、 謝昆璋、 于長禧,「以跨文化價值觀觀點探討海峽兩岸品質系統執行落實度之比較」,中華民國品質學會第42 屆年會暨第12 屆全國品質管理研討會
  3. 11.吳佩瑩,「全面品質管理實務與競爭優勢間的關係」,大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文,2004
  4. 13.林公孚,「談人文文化與價值觀 - 品質倫理之基本概念與實施步驟之探討」,2007
  5. 14.林公孚,「ISO 9001:2000 對文件化有何要求」,品質管制月刊,37,83-85,2001
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