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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7 . 吳偉文、李右婷(2003),《Competency導向人力資源管理》,台北:普林斯頓出版社。
  2. 15 . 張裕隆(1998),我國管理才能評鑑工具發展及信效度分析研究,國科會專題研究報告。
  3. 16 . 張瀞文(2006),主管職能建立之探討-以某區域教學醫院為例,未出版碩士論文,國立中央大學高階主管企管碩士班。
  4. 17 . 莫永榮,加拿大聯邦政府建構中高階文官核心能力之研究,政策研究學報第五期。
  5. 20 . 陳怡靜(2001),知識工作者職涯發展歷程及其影響因素之研究,國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周西娟(2012)。建構慢性病診所之衛教師職能, 以病患觀點, 談兩者的落差與改進之道。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-66。
  2. 張日政(2014)。銀行客服中心管理職能指標建立之研究。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2014。1-76。
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