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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.林怡穎(2001),「建構我國科技大學專業系組教育品質指標模式之研究」,國立台北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10.謝婉倫(2004),「私立幼稚園應用SWOT分析於組織經營之研究」,台北師範學院幼兒教育學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 13.劉明盛(2006),「應用平衡計分卡之觀點探討學校績效衡量評估指標」,品質月刊(2006•6)
  4. 14.Bryson, John M(1988),Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
  5. 15.Collet, S.(1999).SWOT Analysis. Computerworld, 33(29),58-61.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李連輝(2009)。以SCOR模式探討我國小家電產業海外供應鏈管理現況 -以A公司為例。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2009。1-120。
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