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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尚憶薇(1999)。〈推廣台灣老年休閒活動-以YMCA 的老年人休閒活動設計為借鏡〉,《中華體育》,第14期,頁77-84。
  2. 尚憶薇(1999)。〈適當運動對老年人身心健康之助益〉,《大專體育》,第46期,頁82-86。
  3. 葉清華、薛淑琳(1998)。〈運動與老化〉,《大專體育》,第36期,頁73-77。
  4. 劉一民(1981)。〈描繪現象學與休閒概念的研究〉,《中華民國體育學會會報》,第3期,頁43-46。
  5. 鄭明德譯,(1999)。《活動養生青春不老》。台北:商智文化事業股份有限公司。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡明恭(2007)。中風患者生活及休閒活動參與動機與參與情形及其效益之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2007。1-130。
  2. 盧尉安(2008)。看電視對老人休閒型態及人際關係互動歷程之影響。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2008。1-170。
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