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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.于永泓(2002),「從台灣企業成功導入平衡計分卡實例談平衡計分卡e化工具與後續制度維護」,《會計研究月刊》,第201期(8月),82-96。
  2. 3.王中山(民95),「平衡計分卡四個構面因果關係之研究—以台灣資訊電子業為例」,碩士論文,中央大學財務金融研究所。
  3. 9.吳安妮、劉俊儒(民90),「員工面、內部營運面及顧客面對財務績效影響之實證研究」,《台灣管理學刊》,第一卷第一期(8月),125-150。
  4. 17.邱創華(民96),「頻率元件產業人力資本、財務績效與企業價值關聯性之研究」,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所。
  5. 25.黃英忠(1997),《人力資源管理》,台北市:三民書局。
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