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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Hill and Jones, 1998, Strategic Management Theory, p.48.
  2. 3. Nelson, R.(1991). Why Do Firms Differ and How Does It Matter. Strategic Management Journal, 12, pp. 61-74.
  3. 5. Porter, 1990, The Competitive Advantage of Nations, New York, N.Y: The Free Press.
  4. 1. 王志賢,2005,台灣種植能源作物以提煉生質酒精之可行性分析,中興大學應用經濟學系所碩士論文。
  5. 2. 蕭賀翔,2006,以分析層級程序法探討台灣生質酒精發展之關鍵因素,中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王向榮(2009)。台中縣荒廢農地栽植萞麻能源作物可行性之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-84。
  2. 粘偉德(2009)。改善生質柴油的流動點對直噴式柴油引擎性能影響之研究。臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文。2009。1-102。
  3. 曹文杰(2010)。生質酒精油品性質對柴油引擎性能影響之研究。臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文。2010。1-78。
  4. 楊雅喬(2011)。玉米價格波動對美國生質酒精廠商股票報酬之影響--2005年能源政策法案發布前後之實證分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-46。
  5. 游文杰(2011)。乙醇混合燃料性質對機車引擎廢氣排放影響之研究。臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文。2011。1-62。
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