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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.林明珠,「國小校長家長式領導與體育教師工作士氣關係之研究」,嘉南學報,第三十三期,394-402頁,96年12月。
  2. 2.林夙豐、蘇秦玉,「教練領導風格對高中排球選手團隊承諾及滿意度影響之研究」,運動與遊憩研究,第二期,37-49頁,97年3月。
  3. 3.吳宗祐、許瑋伶、鄭伯壎,「怒不可遏或忍氣吞聲:華人企業主管威權領導與部屬憤怒反應」,本土心理學研究,第十八期,3-49頁,91年12月。
  4. 5.許金田、胡秀華、凌孝綦、鄭伯壎、周麗芳,「家長式領導與組織公民行為的關係:上下關係品質之中介效果」,交大管理學報,第二十四期,119-149頁,93年12月。
  5. 6.高三福,「團隊文化與教練領導:質化與量化兩種途徑研究」,國立師範大學體育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北,90年。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 湯豐澤(2009)。放射科臨床指導教師人格特質與教學效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-163。 
  2. 陳麗梅(2011)。護理臨床教師角色能力量表之發展與測試。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-150。 
  3. 何貞盈(2009)。影響消費者選擇精品款式與生產國因素之探討。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2009。1-185。 
  4. 鄭曉蕙(2012)。技職護理院校臨床實習指導教師 教學能力之調查研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-94。 
  5. 曾惠翎(Hui-Ling Tseng);李皎正(Jane Lee-Hsieh)(2015)。建構護理臨床教師教學專業能力指標。護理雜誌。62(2)。57-65。 
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