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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.陳稼興、謝佳倫、許芳誠,”以遺傳演算法為基礎的中文斷詞研究”,資訊管理研究,第二卷,第二期,pp.27-44,2000。
  2. 9.徐慧君,”應用案例式推理於顧客關係管理之行銷研究-以化妝品業為例”,元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文,2002。
  3. 10.陳文華、徐聖訓、施人英、吳壽山,”應用主題地圖於知識整理”,圖書資訊學刊,第一卷,第一期,pp. 37-58,2003。
  4. 13.梁定澎、蔡丞、顧宜錚,”企業知識地圖建構之研究”,電子商務研究,第二卷,第三期,pp. 279-296,2006。
  5. 2.Abbasi, A. and Chen, H. C., "Affect Analysis and Visualization of Extremist Group Forums,” Member, IEEE, 2007.
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