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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Strauss, A. Corbin, J. (1997)。質性研究概論(The basics of qualitative research: grounded theory procedures and techniques (徐宗國譯)。台北:巨流。(原作1990年出版)。
  2. 小尾敏夫 (Toshio Obi) (2006),無所不在的網路社會中電子化政府及資訊長,「資訊社會研究十年回顧與未來展望-2006台灣資訊社會研究學會暨國際CIO學會台灣分會成立典禮」專題演講,桃園。
  3. 宋餘俠 (2005)。數位行政時代政府資訊組識改造。研考雙月刊,29(6),34-42。
  4. 李國田 (2007,2月)。電子化政府創新與整合服務。研考雙月刊,31(1),38-48。
  5. 林裕權(2007,2月),政府E化十年的回顧與展望。研考雙月刊,31(1),2-3。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李靜宜(2011)。地方政府內部跨單位合作網絡之研究- 以臺北市大同區執行臺北好好看系列六計畫為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-257。
  2. 謝婷琳(2013)。申辦土地登記整合之研究:跨機關單一窗口觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2013。1-163。
  3. 徐浩哲(2016)。地方政府內部跨單位合作之研究:以基隆市執行社區照顧關懷據點政策為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-172。
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