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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天威(2004)。《台北縣青少年女性休閒運動參與狀況與阻礙因素之研究》。國立台灣師範大學體育學系研究所碩士論文。台北:國立台灣大學。
  2. 王舜偉、孫彬訓&顏琪昌(2001)(諱疾忌醫的神醫華陀?--廣播賣藥節目分析初探),《傳播與管理研究》,第1卷第1期,頁154-171。
  3. 王舜偉、陳婷玉(2006)。〈愚昧無知或享受參與?廣播賣藥節目的閱聽人分析〉,
  4. 任玉(1972)。《家庭主婦收看電視連續劇動機之研究》。政治大學新聞研究所 年級學童為例》。國立體育學院體育研究所碩士論文。台北:國立體育學院。
  5. 江正發、周財勝(2006)。〈老年人休閒活動型態之分析〉,《大專體育》,第85期,頁133-136。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李建興(2011)。國中生學業表現與人際關係對休閒活動參與影響之研究以中部某私立學校為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2011。1-83。
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