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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Aboudi, R. and K. Jörnsten, “Tabu Search for General Zero-One Integer Programs Using the Pivot and Complement Heuristic,” ORSA Journal on Computing, 6, pp.82-93, 1994.
  2. 2. Allahverdi, A. and J. Mittenthal, “Scheduling on M Parallel Machines Subject to Random Breakdowns to Minimize Expected Mean Flow Time,” Naval Research Logistics, 41, pp.677-682, 1994.
  3. 3. Armentano, V. A. and J. C. Arroyo, “An Application of a Multi-Objective Tabu Search Algorithm to a Bicriteria Flowshop Problem,” Journal of Heuristics, 10, pp.463-481, 2004.
  4. 5. Balas, E., “An Additive Algorithm for Solving Linear Programs with Zero-One Variables,” Operations Research, 13, pp.517-546, 1965.
  5. 6. Balas, E. and C. H. Martin, “Pivot and Complement—A Heuristic for 0-1 Programming,” Management Science, 26, pp.86-96, 1980.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江鎮宇(2009)。演化演算法應用於結合正逆向物流之多目標區位網路設計問題之研究。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-100。 
  2. 雷豐榮(2007)。溫泉廢水處理最佳方案規劃-以烏來溫泉區為例。臺北科技大學環境規劃與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-99。 
  3. 張維哲(2009)。結合外部自我演化機制改善基因演算法求解組合性最佳化問題。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2009。1-88。 
  4. 郭男極(2008)。變動鄰域搜尋法於多目標專案投資組合問題之研究。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2008。1-70。 
  5. 劉育伶(2008)。應用瀰母演算法於多目標排程問題之求解。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2008。1-105。 
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