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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王福山(2005),「提昇企業競爭優勢之流程管理」,《鍛造》,第14卷第二期。
  2. 4.李卿雲、翁靜宜、林春蘭、楊廷芬(2007),「提昇某區域醫院內科護理人員對癌症疼痛評估之改善方案」,《腫瘤護理雜誌》,第7卷第1期,43-53。
  3. 5.李秀枝(2003),「標準護理措施介入對癌症疼痛照護成效的影響」,未出版碩士論文,台北醫學大學護理學研究所。
  4. 9.林琮翔、謝伸裕(2005),「運動按摩的生理效益」,《中華體育季刊》,第19卷第2期,6-8。
  5. 10.邱文達(2001),「醫療品質的新發展」,《新台北護理期刊》,第3卷第2期,1-6。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳春滿(Chun-Man Wu);賴甫誌(Fu-Chih Lai);趙從賢(Chung-Hsien Chaou);童恒新(Heng-Hsin Tung);苗迺芳(Nae-Fang Maio)(2016)。急診醫護人員疼痛處理知識與影響因素之探討。護理雜誌。63(1)。99-109。 
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