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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ◎ 王建彬、金美敬、劉慶文等(2000) ,「自行車產業綜論」,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心。
  2. ◎ 台灣輪彥公司(2001)「台灣自行車產業的過去、現在與未來(上)」,輪彥TBS期刊。
  3. ◎ 經濟部技術處(2006),「2006年汽、機、自行車年鑑」,財團法人工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心。
  4. 中文部份
  5. 一、書 籍:
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳靜雯(2011)。第2型糖尿病患血糖監測行為意圖研究。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2011。1-98。 
  2. 謝佩玲(2008)。傳統產業創新升級模式之研究─以台灣自行車業A-Team為例。政治大學智慧財產研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。
  3. 張棕凱(2008)。時間數列與灰預測模型的比較-以台灣自行車成車出口產值為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。
  4. 蘇恆毅(2009)。消費者對摺疊自行車購買行為之研究。元智大學國際企業學系學位論文。2009。1-93。
  5. 吳惠玲(2011)。廠商規模、行為與績效之研究—以成立A-TEAM後的自行車產業為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-90。
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