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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文玉(2006)《外籍配偶子女與本地子女學習狀況之比較》,台彎大學經濟系碩士論文。
  2. 中研院(2007)〈台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫-資料使用常見問題集〉,《學術調查資料庫通訊》,21,頁14-19。
  3. 中研院(2008)台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫(TEPS)使用手冊,取自資料庫光碟。
  4. 巫有鎰(1997)《影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制,以台北市和台東市做比較 》國立台東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 李隆安(2004)〈台灣地區羅啟宏分層的各個分層都市化程度等級的排序研究〉,《調查研究》,15,頁5-30。
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪重賢(2012)。高職學生低入學成績、高學業成就影響因素之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-274。 
  2. 林怡萱(2015)。國中國文教師個人學術樂觀與學生學業成就之關聯性研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-98。 
  3. 莊淑晶(2012)。桃園縣八年級新住民子女的 數學成就表現研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-126。 
  4. 蔡富川(2008)。透析中心護理主管領導風格與經營績效及醫療品質之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2008。1-74。 
  5. 廖秋萍(2010)。腹膜透析病患治療成效之相關因素探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-129。 
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