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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.李美枝、鍾秋玉(1996),「性別與性別角色析論」,《本土心理學研究》,6期,260-299。
  2. 7.李莉莉(2003),「國小女性校長領導風格之研究—以北部地區為例」,未出版碩士論文,台北師範學院國民教育研究所。
  3. 20.周惠莉(2003),「五大人格特質、性別角色與轉型領導關聯性之研究」,未出版碩士論文,中原大學企業管理研究所。
  4. 24.張宏毅(2002),「台北縣市國民小學校長轉型領導與學校效能關係之研究」,未出版碩士論文,台北師範學院國民教育研究所。
  5. 25.張明輝(1998),學校教育與行政革新研究,台北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡惟中(2014)。新北市國民小學校長領導風格與學校創新經營之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-178。 
  2. 張閎勛(2009)。私立國民中小學校長領導風格與學校行政人員工作壓力關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-205。 
  3. 陳舒婷(2014)。國小校長轉型領導與教師工作滿意度關係之研究 —以桃園縣偏遠地區為例—。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-167。 
  4. 伍碧琦(2009)。病患與護理人員對病患自主權態度與經驗之比較。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  5. 王玲玲(2009)。比較住院病人與醫療人員對病人權利之看法 -----以臺北市立聯合醫院為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-189。 
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