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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王佩珍(2005),「資訊揭露評鑑制度對股價影響之研究」,未出版之碩士論文,中原大學會計學系。
  2. 7.吳國明(2005),「董事會組成特性、股權結構與經營績效之研究-以台灣上市電子公司為實證」,未出版之碩士論文,成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班。
  3. 9.沈中華、陳錦村、吳孟紋(2005),「更早期預警模型:台灣銀行道德指標的建立及影響」,《管理學報》,第22卷1,1-28。
  4. 11.林玉霞(2002),「台灣上市公司代理問題、公司治理與股東價值之研究」,中原大學會計學係碩士論文。
  5. 16.林郁純(2005),「公司治理對台商投資大陸之影響-以家族與非家族企業為區分」,未出版之碩士論文,成功大學企業管理學系。
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