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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1].Alan L. Eliason, “Systems Development Analysis, Design, and Implementation”,1990
  2. [2].Chang, C., 1988, “The Structure of Quality Information System in a Computer Integrated Manufacturing Environment,” Computers Industrial Engineering, Vol. 15, No. 1-4, pp. 338-343.
  3. [3].Cook ,L.E.,1991, No Downtime : Six steps to industrial problem solving ,Addison-Wesley.
  4. [6].Deming, W. E.(1986), “Out of the Crisis”, Cambridge, MA: MIT Center for Advanced Engineering Study.
  5. [10].Ishizu, S., 1996, “A Conceptual Framework for Quality Information Systems,” in the Proceedings of the International Conference on IEMC 96, pp. 217-220
Times Cited (19) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘慶鴻(2010)。外勤警察人員休閒活動涉入及效益之研究─以臺東縣警察局為例。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  2. 張雅芬(2005)。精神科護理人員自我效能與自覺職業危害之研究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2005。1-148。 
  3. 王啟民(2015)。工作生活品質、工作壓力與專業生涯承諾之相關研究 -以製程設備工程師為例-。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-97。 
  4. 洪曉君(2007)。台灣國際觀光旅館員工人格特質與工作生活品質對工作投入影響之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-138。 
  5. 施孝嬿(2011)。客服人員休閒阻礙與休閒協商關係之研究─以中華電信行動通信分公司高雄營運處為例。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2011。1-89。 
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