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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] Ball, G. and Hall, D.A. “A Clustering Technique for Summarizing Multivariate Data,” Behavioral Science, 12, pp. 153-155, 1967.
  2. [7] Chittaro, L. “Visualizing Information in Mobile Devices,” Computer, March 2006, pp. 40-45.
  3. [9] Fung, B.C.M., Wang, K, and Ester, M. “Hierarchical Document Clustering Using Frequent Itemsets,” In Proceedings of the SIAM International Conference on Data Mining. pp. 59-70, 2003.
  4. [10] Jones, S., Jones, M., Deo, S. “Using Keyphrases as Search Result Surrogates on Small Screen Devices,” Pers Ubiquit Comput, 8, 2004, pp.55-68.
  5. [11] Kummamuru, K., Lotlikar, R., and Roy, S. “A Hierarchical Monothetic Document Clustering Algorithm for Summarization and Browsing Search Results,” In Proceedings of International WWW Conference, New York, USA. 23 May 2004, pp.658-665.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡立(2012)。中文意見探勘系統設計。淡江大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-71。 
  2. 瞿怡正(2012)。MOBILE01和PTT兩個不同論壇相同面向習慣用詞之探討-以電信、寬頻版為例。淡江大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-55。 
  3. 黃挺立(2013)。基於語意相關詞的搜尋結果分群。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2013。1-58。 
  4. 林渝翔(2011)。一個產生長詞與新詞的中文混合斷詞系統。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-61。 
  5. 楊盛帆(2009)。以整合式規則來做網路論壇上的 3C 產品口碑分析。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2009。1-60。 
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