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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.于漱、楊桂鳳(2003),「在地化:社區健康營造永續發展的策略」,《台灣醫學》第7卷第1期,132-135。
  2. 2.尹祚芊(1997),《公共衛生護理學》,台北:匯華。
  3. 4. 王珮如(2005),「影響社區組織領導人參與健康社區計畫之相關因素探討-以台南市為例」,未出版的碩士論文,國立成功大學公共衛生研究所。
  4. 12. 李怡娟、陳慈立、陳淑芳(2004),「社區保健志工充能程度及其健康促進生活型態行為之探討-以三芝鄉為例」,《榮總護理》,第21卷第4期,頁389-399,
  5. 13. 李怡娟、陳瑜琪、王慧群(2006),「賦權 /充能式的社區發展過程-以台北市某社區為例」,《護理雜誌》,第53卷第2期,頁23-29。
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