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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.李怡慧(1988),「縣轄市地方財政之研究-板橋市的實例分析」,未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學財政研究所。
  2. 31.孫克難(1998),「地方財政惡化的原因及改進之道」,《經濟前瞻》,第57卷,118-123。
  3. 35.翁興利、李豔玲、潘婉如(1996),「相對效率之衡量:DEA之運用」,《中國行政評論》,第5卷第4期,63-106。
  4. 56.張瑞濱(2003),我國私立技術學院經營效率之研究,未出版博士論文,中華大學科技管理研究所。
  5. 64.蔡吉源、林健次(2003),「地方財政自我負責機制與財政收支劃分」,《國立政治大學公共行政學報》,第9期,頁1-33。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐碧黛(2012)。運用資料包絡分析法探討地方政府財政努力績效-以桃園縣13鄉(鎮、市)公所為例。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2012。1-94。 
  2. 楊小青(2009)。行政執行處執行效率-資料包絡分析法之實證研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2009。1-96。 
  3. 黃以珊(2008)。愛德華氏菌親源性分析及IgY抗體製備之研究。屏東科技大學獸醫學系所學位論文。2008。1-81。 
  4. 胡議文(2009)。我國地方稅捐稽徵機關稽徵績效之研究-三階段資料包絡分析法之應用。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2009。1-86。
  5. 蘇偉強(2009)。稅金增額融資(TIF)財務機制之研究-以桃園機場捷運建設為例。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2009。1-198。
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