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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [10] 許綺玲譯(民86)。明室攝影札記。(Roland Barthes原著,出版年:1980)。台北:台灣攝影工作室。
  2. 原著,出版年:1979)。台北市:美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司。
  3. [2] 李厚強(民91)。人工光源之照度及色温對視覺感知影響與照明方式調查研究-以住宅客廳為例。中原大學室內設計研究所碩士論文。
  4. [3] 林正一(民96)。系列性產品之意象─以衛浴產品之設計應用為例。大同大學工業設計研究所碩士論文。
  5. [2] 林啓耀(民92)。3D電腦動畫技術、視覺語言與美學之探討。藝術學報,第72期,頁
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 官宜廷(2009)。影響銀髮族購買成藥動機之研究。臺中科技大學事業經營研究所學位論文。2009。1-74。 
  2. 王惠宏(2012)。退休人士參與休閒運動之自由時間管理對生活品質滿意程度的影響。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2012。1-95。 
  3. 林宛靛(2015)。社區健康促進活動與老人健康:比較性研究。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  4. 趙婉靜(2009)。巴金森氏症病患與其主要照護者對病患之自我照顧能力、心理健康及生活品質評估一致性之研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-119。
  5. 洪文滿(2010)。獨居長者接受關懷訪視服務經驗之初探—長者與志工交會下搭起人情的橋樑。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2010。1-132。
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