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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Johnson T. L., Scherer M. M., and Tratnyek P. G., Kinetics of halogenated organic compound degradation by iron metal, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30(8), 2634-2640 (1996).
  2. 6. Reynolds G. W., Hoff J. T., and Gillham R. W., Sampling bias caused by materials used to monitor halocarbons in groundwater, Environ. Sci. Technol., 24(1), 135-142 (1990).
  3. 9. Gandhi S., Oh B. T., Schnoor J. L., and Alvarez P. J., Degradation of TCE, Cr(VI), sulfate, and nitrate mixtures by granular iron in flow-through columns under different microbial conditions, Water Res., 36(8), 1973-1982 (2002).
  4. 10. Gould J. P., The kinetics of hexavalent chromium reduction by metallic iron, Water Res., 16(4), 871-877 (1982).
  5. 14. Powell R. M., Puls R. W., Hightower S. K., and Sabatini D. A., Coupled iron corrosion and chromate reduction: Mechanisms for subsurface remediation, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29(8), 1913-1922 (1995).
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝明君(2007)。奈米零價鐵降解受TNT、RDX及HMX高能火炸藥污染水體之研究。元智大學化學工程與材料科學學系學位論文。2007。1-151。 
  2. 徐瑞貞(Jui-Chen Hsu)(2016)。中年未婚乳癌病患面對全乳房切除手術之護理經驗。榮總護理。33(1)。100-107。 
  3. 李永真(2009)。回首當時∼一個應用「歷程性繪畫」於分手創傷之個案研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-105。
  4. 黃詩閔(2010)。「老年休閒」:繪畫題材、休閒生活型態、動機與效益。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-78。
  5. 簡妏珊(2012)。藝術活動應用於暫緩入學幼兒之個案研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2012。1-217。
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