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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 182 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂育一、徐木蘭(1994)。〈非營利組織績效指標之研究--以文教基金會為例〉。《台大管理論叢》,第5卷 第1期,頁:165-188。
  2. 李佳奇(2005)。《社會福利機構募款方式有效性之探討》。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 官有垣(2000)。〈非營利組織在台灣的發展:兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範〉。《中國行政評論》,第10卷第1期,頁:75-110。
  4. 林錦玄(2007)。《社會福利機構募款成效與功能之研究─以某兒童福利機構為例》。淡江大學國際貿易學系碩士論文。
  5. 邱家淮(2005)。《影響非營利組織捐款人行為關鍵因素之研究-從計劃行為理論(TPB) 之觀點探討》。中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃鳳玉(2011)。護理人員靈性健康與靈性照顧行為之相關性研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-118。 
  2. 朱瓊芳(2012)。以徑路分析探討機構老人身體活動功能、憂鬱及社會支持對靈性安適狀態之影響。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-111。 
  3. 林素瑛(Su-Ying Lin);李香君(Hsiang-Chun Lee);蕭雅竹(Ya-Chu Hsiao)(2015)。靈性照護概念融入產科護理實習之教學經驗。助產雜誌。(57)。7-19。 
  4. 洪櫻純(2009)。老人靈性健康之開展與模式探詢。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2009。1-308。
  5. 羅暐茹(2011)。靈性教育方案對高齡者靈性健康影響之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2011。1-169。
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