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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今(2010)。《台灣社區老人的社會支持改變、健康狀況改變與社會參與之縱貫性研究》。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系博士論文。
  2. 石泱(2009)。〈不同居住型態老人社會支持與生活適應影響因素之研究〉,《東吳大學社會工作學報》,第21卷,頁27-54。
  3. 何長珠(2008)。〈悲傷影響因素之初探〉,《生死學研究》,第7期,頁139-192。
  4. 余朝權(2001)。《現代行銷管理》。台北:五南。
  5. 吳淑瓊、朱昭美(1995)。〈民眾對老人長期照護安排之態度:1994 台灣地區社會意向調查之發現〉,《中華民國公共衛生雜誌》,第14卷第4期,頁369-382。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韻婷(2010)。青年國際志工基本需求滿足與動機自我調節之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2010。1-192。
  2. 王文宜(2011)。「問題導向學習」教學模式介入護專生健康體適能課程之成效。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-173。
  3. 施慈峰(2011)。護生自我導向學習及其相關因素之探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2011。1-106。
  4. 王元駿(2012)。網路問題導向學習應用於防震災教育課程對國中生問題解決能力與地震防災態度之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-127。
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