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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ajzen, Icek .(1985), The Theory of Planned Behavior, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, pp.179-211.
  2. Bosch, T. (1995) Gender differences in self-efficacy and attitudes toward computers. Journal of educational computing research,12(2):147-158.
  3. Burman, D.D., Bitan, T., Booth, J.R.(2008) Sex differences in neural processing of language among children. Neuropsychologia.
  4. Chen, Y-S. , Kao, T-C. & Sheu, J. P. (2003). A Mobile learning system for scaffolding bird watching learning. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 19, 347-359.
  5. Davis, F. D. (1989), Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology, MIS Quarterly, 13, pp. 319-339.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫沛君(2011)。影響民眾參與病人安全工作的因素。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-76。
  2. 郭昭吟(2015)。探討部立醫院遠端抗生素審核中心之可行性評估-南區地區醫院為例-。中正大學資訊管理系醫療資訊管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-93。
  3. 李逸洲(2017)。國軍人員使用社群網站之意願與成效研究—以Facebook為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-35。
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