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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adamopoulos, G.I., Pappis, C.P., (1998) Scheduling under a common due-date on parallel unrelated machines. European Journal of Operational Research 105:494-501.
  2. Alisantoso, D., Khoo, L.P., Jiang, P.Y., (2003) An immune algorithm approach to the scheduling of a flexible PCB flow shop. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing 22 (11-12):819-27.
  3. Allahverdi, A., Ng, C.T., Ceng, T.C.E., Kovalyov, M.Y., (2008) A survey of scheduling problems with setup times or costs. European Journal of Operational Research 187:985-1032.
  4. Armentano A.V., de Araujo (2006) Grasp with memory-based mechanisms for minimizing total tardiness in single machine scheduling with setup times. Journal of Heuristics 12:427-446.
  5. Armentano V.A., de Franca Filho M.F., (2007) Minimizing total tardiness in parallel machine scheduling with setup times: An adaptive memory-based GRASP approach. European Journal of Operational Research 183:100-114.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林明瑩(2013)。兩目標資源限制專案排程問題解算之研究-最小化總完工與總權重流程時間。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-64。 
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