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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] C. C. Wei and C. Chen, Applied Physics Letters, vol.88, p.182105, 2006.
  2. [5] International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA), 1999.
  3. [6] International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA), 2009.
  4. [7] 何政恩,國科會專題研究計畫, 2011。
  5. [10] L. Zhang, S. Ou, J. Huang, K. N. Tu, S. Gee, and L. Nguyen, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.88, p.012106, 2006.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃宗仁(2009)。台灣皮膚科醫師人力研究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2009。1-60。 
  2. 楊雅筑(2013)。以系統動態學觀點探討臺灣醫師人力供需之影響因子─以兒科專科醫師為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  3. 鄧家佩(2014)。臺灣內科、外科、婦產科與兒科專科醫師人力政策分析。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-94。
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