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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.楊雅妃(2010),「冷陰極產業導入溫室盤查系統之研究」,崑山科技大學環境工程系碩士論文。
  2. 11.廖志仁(2009),「EuP 對 3C 產業生命週期影響因素之研究」,臺北科技大學商業化境與管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 13.魏佩如(2010),「產品碳足跡計算不確定性分析之研究」,臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所碩士學位論文。
  4. 3.Brenton, P. & Edwards-Jones, G. and Jensen, M. (2008), “Carbon Labeling and Low Income Country Exports: An Issues Paper”, MPRA (Munich Personal RePEc Archive) Paper, 2-7.
  5. 5.Carbon Trust, Defra and BSI (2008) , PAS 2050:2008 Specification for the assessment of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of goods and services.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙彥婷(2012)。大學以上學歷之民眾對於碳足跡認知之研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2012。1-96。 
  2. 陳華強(2012)。病患個人碳足跡與低碳就診行為意向之研究–以北部某區域教學醫院為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-98。
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