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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳坤宏。《消費文化理論》。臺北:揚智,1995。
  2. 陳坤宏。《消費文化與空間結構:理論與應用》。臺北:詹氏書局,1995。
  3. 程文宗。《游離文件》。臺北:木馬文化,2003。
  4. 劉維公。《風格競爭力》。臺北:天下雜誌,2007。
  5. Featherstone, Mike。趙偉妏譯。《消費文化與後現代主義》。臺北:國立編譯館,2009。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱心怡(2007)。供給誘發需求?醫師密度與醫師產能之相關分析。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2007。1-159。 
  2. 楊鎧瑋(2007)。市場競爭對醫師行為的影響—以西醫基層診所為例。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-102。 
  3. 趙崇翎(2004)。總額支付制度實施前後,醫療市場競爭對醫師診療行為的影響。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-129。
  4. 劉巧菁(2006)。市場競爭對西醫基層醫師執業收入的影響。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-122。
  5. 林汝勳(2009)。新醫院的成立對當地民眾就醫行為之影響 ─以北區某區域教學醫院為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-86。
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