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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.石崇良(2008),「醫療團隊合作與病人安全」,《澄清醫護管理雜誌》,第4卷第1期,5-9。
  2. 2.石崇良(2009),「政府推動病人安全之成果與展望」,《醫療品質雜誌》,第3卷第2期,9-12。
  3. 3.史麗珠、彭佩儀、蔡麗紅、沈昱名、林娜翎、莊凱嵐、彭詮仁、王昭慧(2009),「以就醫者角度設計的病人安全行為量表及其信效度」,《醫療品質雜誌》,第
  4. 全態度問卷信效度分析」,《台灣衛誌》,第27卷第3期,214-222。
  5. 5.李偉強(2007),「病人安全文化調查與對提高醫療安全的應用」,《Taiwan Crit. Care Med.》,第8卷,175-183。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳海玉(2016)。導入團隊資源管理對急診醫護人員實施高級心臟救命術認知之探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2016。1-135。
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