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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王艾苓(2009),組織公平研究對學校行政的啟示,學校行政雙月刊,59(P100)。
  2. 4.杜佩蘭、曾榮豐、黃英忠、施瑞峰(2009),領導行為、組織學習與組織認同關係之研究,管理實務與理論研究,第三卷第一期,45-67。
  3. 5.李俊賢、黃芳銘、鍾莉容(2010),組織支持、組織認同與服務導向組織公民行為:餐旅飯店服務人員的實證,休閒事業研究第八卷第二期,49-67。
  4. 6.李祥銘(2009),我國金融產業購併後組織認同與組織承諾之研究,國立台北大學管理學系博士論文。
  5. 7.李雯智(2006),2000年以後國內外組織認同研究評析,學校行政雙月刊,45(P60-72)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范乾華(2006)。台灣的公共衛生教育與出路-在學生觀點探討。中國醫藥大學環境醫學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-97。 
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