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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 楊家豪(2010),「發電、輸電、配電機械製造業景氣動態報告」;台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫
  2. 7. 王聖閔(2009),「發電、輸電、配電機械製造修配業基本資料」;台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫
  3. 16. 莊秉煌(2009),「應用模糊理論方法探討產業生命週期曲線-以台灣「兩兆雙星」產業為例」;朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理研究所
  4. 17. 陳永裕(2006),「動態隨機存取記憶體產業生命週期之研究」;國立中央大學企業管理研究所
  5. 26. 「台灣區電氣工程工業同業公會第16屆第6次理監事聯席會議紀錄(2010)」
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭卉容(2015)。實施Tw -DRGs支付制度前後對醫療服務利用的影響 —以中耳炎手術為例。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  2. 褚嘉慧(2009)。急性中耳炎患者抗生素處方遵從度與預後之相關研究-以某醫學中心耳鼻喉科為例。臺灣大學預防醫學研究所學位論文。2009。1-82。 
  3. 劉品均(2006)。抗生素處方型態與臨床指引之相關研究 -以中耳炎門診為例。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-105。 
  4. 吳婕睿(2011)。幼兒呼吸道疾病西醫門診處方型態及不適當處方之研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-88。
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