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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [9] 王志文,彰化縣市區道路鋪面品質影響因素之研究—模糊層級分析法之應用,中興大學應用經濟研究所碩士論文,2007。
  2. [10] 陳勁甫、徐強和許桂溶,「層級分析法成對比較基礎標度系統之研究」,管理與系統,第十六卷第二期,2009。
  3. [11] 徐銘澤,使用灰關聯分析改善模糊成對比較矩陣不可接受之一致性,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2010。
  4. [13] 尚郁慧,本國一般銀行顧客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究,淡江大學管理科學研究所,1994
  5. [14] 楊佳純,使用模糊網路分析程序法評估部落格之服務品質,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2009。
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