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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Altman, E. (1994). "Denumerable Constrained Markov Decision Processes and Finite Approximations." Mathematics of operations research 19(1): 169-191.
  2. Berger, P. (2001). "The allocation of promotion budget to maximize customer equity." Omega (Oxford) 29(1): 49-61.
  3. Blattberg, R. a. D. (1996). "Manage marketing by the customer equity test." Harvard business review 74: 136-144.
  4. Ching, W.-K. (2004). "Customer lifetime value: stochastic optimization approach." The Journal of the Operational Research Society 55(8): 860-868.
  5. Ching, W.-K. Z., S. Jiao, Y. Akutsu and Wong (2009). "Optimal control policy for probabilistic Boolean networks with hard constraints." IET system biology 3(2): 90-99.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏毓映(2008)。台灣地區不同縣市人口特質與都市化程度之成人吸菸率差異比較。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-132。 
  2. 廖家慧(2009)。影響矯正機關結核病患完治之因素探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-93。 
  3. 林淑君(2015)。探索臺灣鄉鎮市區死亡率與環境脈絡的關係。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-135。 
  4. 陳萱(2005)。原住民與台灣地區其他族群慢性病盛行率及相關因素之探討。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-0。
  5. 王雅玲(2006)。探討頭部外傷的傷害機轉與醫療資源耗用。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-130。
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