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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Collins, H., & Sinclair, J. (2003). Collins cobuild english dictionary for advanced learners (4 ed.). Glasgow, England: HarperCollins publishers.
  2. Hoffman, & Novak. (1996). Marketing in hypermedia computer-mediated environments: conceptual foundations. Journal of Marketing, 60(3), 50-68.
  3. Schroeder, J. (2009). The cultural codes of branding. Marketing Theory, 1(2), 123-126.
  4. 王天津與劉素苓(2004)。應用模糊多準則決策於入口網站服務績效之研究。電子商務研究,2(3),235-258。
  5. 王年燦與劉淳泓(2003)。網頁風格的設計模式建構:以宋代山水繪畫為例。藝術學報,72,57-72。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施培艾(2017)。家醫科與內分泌科糖尿病照護品質之比較。臺灣大學流行病學與預防醫學研究所學位論文。2017。1-58。 
  2. 黃莉茵(2013)。探討影響台灣成人糖尿病照護臨床治療慣性(Therapeutic inertia)之醫療提供者影響因素分析。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-213。
  3. 蔡季芸(2014)。以關係連結觀點探討衛教人員溝通行為對第二型糖尿病患自我管理行為之影響。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-89。
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