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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.王懿琨(2004a)。加護病房護理人員對職業危害的擔心程度,慈濟大學護理學研究所
  2. 13 .行政院衛生署疾病管制局(2003)。臺灣SARS現況。防疫學苑系列-027,1-53。臺北市。
  3. 14 .行政院衛生署疾病管制局(2008)。法定傳染病監測工作指引。防疫學苑系列-013,臺北市。
  4. 15 .行政院衛生署疾病管制局(2009)。人畜共通傳染病臨床指引。防疫學苑系列-018,臺北市。
  5. 18 .許秀芸(2009)。社區醫師於21世紀醫院防疫系統中之角色扮演。醫療品質雜誌,3(1),94-96。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴素真(2012)。老人長期照護機構人力資源之專業能力調查。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-103。 
  2. 張文瓊(2014)。長期照護安排,醫療照護連續性與醫療服務利用。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-276。 
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