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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Tsai L.S., Wilson R., and Randall V., Mutagenicity of poultry chiller water treated with either chlorine dioxide or chlorine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 2267-2272 (1997).
  2. 2. Belluati M., Danesi E., Petrucci G., and Rosellini M.C., Chlorine dioxide disinfection technology to avoid bromated formation in desalinated seawater in potable waterworks, Desalination, 203, 312-318 (2007).
  3. 3. Akin E.W., Hoff J.C., and Lippy E.C., Waterborne outbreak control: Which disinfectant, Environ. Health Perspect., 46, 7-12 (2006).
  4. 4. Velasco G.L., Alejandro T.C., Adrian S., Francisco A.H., and Suslowa T.V., Chlorine dioxide dose, water quality and temperature affect the oxidative status of tomato processing water and its ability to inactivate Salmonella, Food Control, 26(1), 28-435 (2012).
  5. 5. Ayyildiz. O., Serdar S., and Burcu I., Effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on chlorine dioxide disinfection efficiency, Ultrason. Sonochem., 18(2), 683-688 (2011).
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳榮陞(2015)。為何臺灣糖尿病論質計酬的加入率無法提升?獲得照護機會的地區不平等及其影響因素探討。成功大學公共衛生研究所學位論文。2015。1-92。 
  2. 許佳雯(2013)。膽囊相關疾病患者重複就診與接受膽囊切除術機率之相關性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-63。 
  3. 吳春樺(2011)。延遲退休對醫療利用之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-71。 
  4. 孟欣宏(2011)。退休對心理健康之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  5. 沈宜靜(2011)。臺灣第二型糖尿病併肝硬化患者罹末期腎病變接受透析治療發生率與相關因子研究探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-83。 
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