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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.張筱雯,[知識管理與員工滿意度之個案研究-以中央健保局南區分局為例-],碩士論文,國立成功大學企業管理學系(2002)
  2. 6.盛慰先,[專業人員在系統整合過程中抗拒行為之探討-製造業PDM與CAD,ERP系統整合之個案研究],碩士論文,中原大學資訊管理學系(2002)
  3. 1.郭姿吟,[ 以個案研究法分析營造業如何藉由失敗經驗而成功導入ERP系統],碩士論文,開南管理學院資訊管理研究所(2006)
  4. 2.歐賢超,[亞洲價值的詮釋與實踐 -新加坡之個案研究],碩士論文,國立中山大學政治學研究所(2002)
  5. 4.林崇宏,[產品設計流程的模式分析與探討],論文集東海大學,工業設計系專任講師(2000)
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