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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2、 方柏人(2011.06),「運用Kano與Refined Kano模式探討企業導入QR Code對服務品質之影響」朝陽科技大學企業管理系碩士論文。
  2. 3、 吳晏榕(2013),「 2013年我國連鎖式便利商店業分析」,臺灣經濟研究院產經資料庫。
  3. 7、 鄭明松、陳信益、林佳慧(2005),「影響企業導入電子商務績效之企業內部因素之探討」,中華管理學報。
  4. 8、 鄭錳新、林錦珍(2011.09),以Kano模式探討量販店服務品質屬性,顧客滿意學刊。
  5. 1、 Bolton, R. N. and Drew, J. H. (1991), A Multistage Model of Customers' Assessments of Service Quality and Value, Journal of Consumer Research, 17(4), 375-384.。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余忠河(2017)。運用移動全距管制於灰色即時建模表面粗糙度預測之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-72。
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