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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 蘇雄義(2012),供應鏈管理=Supply chain management : 原理.程序.實務,智勝文化。
  2. 4. 何應欽、王文博、張歐權(2008),通用型、分類及次分類供應商評選模式之比較-以臺灣電源供應器製造商為研究對象,商管科技季刊,第九卷第三期, 379-416
  3. 7. 童超塵、曾俊傑 、李佩熹、張舜傑(1999),建構臺灣IC 設計產業之供應商績效評估模式及實證,科技管理學刊,第十四卷第二期,1-26。
  4. 8. 何應欽、康馨予(2010),新產品開發的供應商評量,商管科技季刊,第十一卷第二期,265~ 301。
  5. 10. 白昌霖(1994),顧客滿意導向的供應商評選模式,中原大學工業工程學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝春福(2004)。醫療給付效益提昇計劃前後馬祖地區民眾醫療利用與費用之分析。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-110。 
  2. 陳鴻運(2007)。整合醫療政策與門診病患滿意度之研究-以澎湖離島兩家公立醫院整合為例。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2007。1-129。
  3. 陳宗梧(2009)。偏遠地區民眾之醫療照顧政策成效分析。政治大學財政研究所學位論文。2009。1-39。
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