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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Block, J. (1978). The Q-sort method in personality assessment and psychiatric research. Palo Alto : Consulting Psychologists Press.
  2. Bowden, P. (2000). Delivering organizational excellence by employee values management. Total Quality Management, 11(4-6), 636-640.
  3. Chatman, J. A. (1988). Matching People and Organizations: Selection and Socialization in Public Accounting Firms. Berkeley : Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California.
  4. Cooke, R. A., & Rousseau, D. M. (1988). Behavioral norms and expectations: A quantitative approach to the assessment of organizational culture. Group & Organization Studies, 13(3), 245-273.
  5. Dahlgaard, J. J., & Dahlgaard-Park, S. M. (2006). Lean production, six sigma quality, TQM and company culture. The TQM Magazine, 18(3), 263-281.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡珠農(2013)。警察人員酗酒行為形成歷程之研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2013。1-81。
  2. 林漢堂(2014)。基層警察人員問題飲酒行為因素之研究 — 一般化緊張理論之驗證。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-214。
  3. 曾智偉(2016)。門診酒癮患者成癮嚴重度、戒斷症狀嚴重度與飲酒狀態對戒酒自我效能的影響。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-85。
  4. 曾仁傳(2016)。臺中市酒駕防治策略與成效之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-323。
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